Sump Pump 101: How They Work and Why You Need One

Whether your basement is your man-cave or an unfinished space you rarely use, it’s important to keep this area dry and clean. That’s why if you have a basement, you should also have a sump pump.

Sump Pump 101: How They Work and Why You Need One

A sump pump protects the home from flooding due to heavy rainfall and rising groundwater. Any seasoned homeowner will tell you that having a functional sump pump saves them from high repair costs and structural damages. Not all sump pumps are created equal, so knowing which pump is best for your home is important. Read on to learn more about sump pumps and how they work.

How a sump pump works

Put simply, a sump pump is a system that moves water from your basement out of your home.

The “sump” of a sump pump is a carefully constructed hole carved below the main surface of your home’s basement floor. This pit, or basin, holds the “pump” of the sump pump. Since water will flow to the lowest point, groundwater pushing against your home’s foundation will be drawn into the basin (instead of, say, your basement floor).

The sump pump also has a float mechanism that detects the water level in the pit. When the water reaches a certain point, the pump kicks on and pushes the water away from your home using what’s called an effluent. The effluent acts as a discharge line that connects the sump pump to a designated drainage area.

How sump pumps are discharged 

Now you may be asking, “Where exactly does the water go?” The designated areas the sump pump moves water to can be a dry well, creek, pond, or a portion of the lawn sloped away from the foundation. A good rule of thumb is to have the water discharged AT LEAST 10 to 20 feet away from your home. 

Sump pumps can often be connected to the municipal storm drain – but not the sanitary sewer. If you’re going this route, it’s also a good idea to check with your local sewer authorities to determine where your sump pump can drain, as different municipalities have different building codes. 

Choosing the right sump pump

There are many different types of sump pumps, ranging from pedestal pumps to battery operated. As mentioned before, the type of sump pump you choose for your home is essential, so it couldn’t hurt to get a second opinion. 

If you’re interested in a professional opinion, contact Baylor Heating & Air Conditioning. We know how to protect homes in the Evansville, IN, area from basement water damage. For sump pump service or installation, call us today at (812) 425-8435.

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